Base machine | Frame

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'We achieve such a high sowing output'

’100 to 120 ha per shift, more than 2,500 ha per season – is no problem with our new Citan 12001-C’ W. M. Nadeew reports. W. M. Nadeew is the Deputy General Director of the Russian farm OOO ‘Schazk Zolotaja Niva’, belonging to the Agroterra-Group. Here a semi-continental climate prevails and the average rainfall amounts to 450 to 500 mm per year. Last year the farm cultivated 10,162 ha of winter wheat, 8,169 ha of sunflowers and 7,945 ha of spring rape. ‘Compared with other seed drills, the Citan, which we either operate behind a New Holland T 7050 or a John Deere 7830, provides us with a series of benefits’ explains the Deputy General Director. ‘We achieve high sowing work rates because of the 12 m working width and, with forward speeds of more than 12 km/h, it ensures a rapid sowing operation. However, we also achieve higher work rates thanks to the larger seed and fertiliser hoppers which we do not have to fill that often. In addition we require less filling systems to supply the seed and fertiliser.’ W. N. Makarov, the chief agronomist of OOO ‘Schazk Zolotaja Niva’, states as an other benefit of the Citan the easy initial adjustment of the seed rate and the sowing depth. And: ‘Irrespective of the soil type, the actual seed rates and sowing depths match very well to what we have pre-set. In this way we can finish sowing punctually by the optimum dates yet with a high quality of work. This ensures our yields and makes the Citan stand out in comparison with other seed drills.’

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''Top performance at the optimum sowing date''

“In 2011 we purchased the first five Citan 12000”, the Chief agronomist Tschernikow Alexander for the farm “Tula Wozroschdenije” OOO  reports. “We then had such a good experience with these machines that we decided in 2012 to purchase twelve more Citan 12001-C.” The land farmed by “Tula Wozroschdenjie” OOO is situated in three Russian regions Tula, Lipezk and Orel. The soils consist of medium to heavy loamy leached black soil. The average rainfall is 550 to 500 mm/year. In the year 2012, the farm cultivated 18,348 ha of winter wheat, 8,801 ha of barley, 10,802 ha of rape, 1,411 ha of buckwheat, 1.610 ha of soya and 1,591 ha of sunflowers. “At sowing speeds of 10 to 12 km/ha, we managed with each Citan approximately 160 ha of cereals/day or 200 ha of rape/day. So in spring and autumn 2012 we sowed more than 3,000 ha with each machine” states Tschernikow Alexander. “With this quality of machinery we manage top-work rates at the optimum sowing date. When cereal sowing, one tank fill is sufficient for over 2 to 2.5 hours before we have to refill. At the same time the RoTeC+ Control coulters reliably sow the seed at the desired depth. The distribution along the rows is also optimal. This provides us with a good and even field emergence.”

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Crop establishment and economic benefits

With the Citan, in working widths of 8 m to 15 m, AMAZONE offers a solo system approach where soil tillage and sowing are divided. In this way, the Citan meets the need in achieving the optimum sowing time. Reduced soil compaction and an efficient sowing operation are important considerations in modern, close crop rotations. When carrying out soil tillage as a separate operation, the soil has time to settle ensuring a better seed/soil contact for an improved field emergence. With the 15 m Citan, acreage outputs of up to 15 ha/h are possible. An additional aspect of winter crop establishment that some practitioners regard as positive: is that the coulters of the Citan move the minimum of soil so that the stimulation of new weeds (such as blackgrass) is kept to a minimum.      

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No matter, whether conventional or mulch sowing – always quick in work

At working speeds of up to 16 km/h, the Citan trailed seed drill impresses with its high acreage outputs and yet perfect seed placement. The positioning of the seed hopper at the front on the drawbar transfers additional weight onto the tractor’s rear axle, improving traction. The 4,600 l to 8,000 l seed hopper is easily accessible for filling from big bags, front loader or transfer vehicles. As an option, the Citan is also available with a filling auger (only for Citan 8000 and 9000). And in just a few seconds, the changeover between 3 m transport width and 8 m to 15 m working width is achieved.   

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With fertiliser - the Citan C

The Citan 12001-C and 15001-C offer the possibility to also place fertiliser together with the seed into the seed furrow. Therefore the hopper is divided and can be filled either 2/3 with seed and 1/3 with fertiliser or maybe a second seed type. If the division of the tank is not required, the hopper can be completely filled with just one seed type. The metering is carried out via Vario gearboxes which allow the metering of seed rates from 2 to 400 kg/ha.

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Equipped for all circumstances - on-board hydraulics

To be able to ensure the required oil flow for the hydraulic blower fan, especially when used behind tractors with little hydraulic capacity, AMAZONE offers, as a special option, an on-board hydraulic system with an oil tank on the seed drill and a separate hydraulic pump. It can be quickly and easily attached to the PTO shaft of the tractor.

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